The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act of 2017 brought about a paradigm shift in the Indian taxation system by subsuming various indirect taxes under a single umbrella. One of the innovative features introduced by the GST regime is the concept of Advance Ruling. The Advance Ruling mechanism aims to provide clarity and certainty to taxpayers regarding the interpretation and application of GST laws. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of Advance Ruling under the GST Act 2017.

Understanding Advance Ruling:

  1. Definition and Purpose:
    • Advance Ruling, as defined in Section 95 of the GST Act, refers to a written interpretation or decision on issues related to the supply of goods or services, the determination of the liability to pay tax, the applicability of notifications, and the classification of goods or services.
    • The primary purpose of the Advance Ruling mechanism is to provide taxpayers with an opportunity to seek guidance on the tax implications of their transactions in advance, thereby reducing ambiguity and promoting voluntary compliance.
  2. Authority for Advance Ruling (AAR):
    • The AAR is a quasi-judicial body set up under Section 96 of the GST Act. It comprises a retired Supreme Court or High Court judge and a technical member having expertise in the field of GST.
    • Taxpayers, including registered persons, non-resident taxable persons, and casual taxable persons, can approach the AAR to seek advance rulings.
  3. Scope of Advance Ruling:
    • The AAR can provide rulings on various matters, including the classification of goods or services, the applicability of a notification issued under the Act, the liability to pay tax on a particular transaction, and the determination of time and value of supply.
  4. Procedure for Seeking Advance Ruling:
    • The applicant must submit an application to the AAR in the prescribed form, along with the relevant documents and a statement of the case.
    • The AAR considers the application, may ask for additional information, and then pronounces its ruling within ninety days from the date of receipt of the application.
  5. Binding Nature of Advance Ruling:
    • The ruling pronounced by the AAR is binding only on the applicant who sought it and the jurisdictional tax authority in respect of the applicant.
    • However, the ruling can have persuasive value in other cases with similar facts and circumstances.
  6. Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling (AAAR):
    • If either the applicant or the tax authority is aggrieved by the AAR’s ruling, they can appeal to the Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling (AAAR) within 30 days.
    • The AAAR consists of a chairperson and members from the legal and technical fields.
  7. Impact on Tax Compliance:
    • Advance Rulings contribute to a more transparent and predictable tax regime, fostering better compliance and reducing litigation.
    • Taxpayers can plan their transactions based on the guidance received, leading to more informed decision-making.


The introduction of the Advance Ruling mechanism under the GST Act 2017 reflects a proactive approach to dispute resolution and taxpayer assistance. By seeking clarity on complex tax issues in advance, businesses can navigate the GST landscape with confidence, promoting a smoother and more efficient tax administration system in India.

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