DICGC – A Depositor’s Confidence

Everyone believes that a deposit with a bank is very safe and risk free.

What made the people believe so?

Its none other than — DICGC

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation – wholly owned subsidiary of RBI

Governed by – DICGC Act, 1961

Mission –

To contribute to financial stability by securing public confidence in the banking system through provision of deposit insurance, particularly for the benefit of the small depositors.

Deposit Insurance Scheme:

  1. Commercial Banks
  2. Branches of foreign banks functioning in India
  3. Local Area Banks
  4. Regional Rural Banks
  5. At present all Co-operative banks

It is mandatory for every commercial bank, RRB, Co-op Society to get insured with DICGC as soon as they get their licence from RBI as per their respective governing acts (Banking Regulation Act, 1949, Regional Rural Banks Act, 1976)

Insurance coverage

Per Depositor – 5,00,000/- with effect from 4th February 2020 onwards.

Central Govt has got the power to approve DICGC to raise this limit.

Types of Deposits Covered

All types of deposits except –
  • Deposits of foreign Governments;
  • Deposits of Central/State Governments;
  • Inter-bank deposits
  • Deposits of the State Land Development Banks with the State co-operative banks;
  • Deposits with NBFCs
  • Any amount due on account of and deposit received outside India
  • Any amount which has been specifically exempted by the corporation with the previous approval of the RBI.

Insurance Premium

12 paise per  100 of assessable deposits per annum from April 1, 2020 onwards

Financial burden on account of payment of premium should be borne by the banks themselves and should not be passed on to the depositors

Similar to CA Exams, the premium will be paid in Every May & November

Cancellation of Registration

  • Fails to pay the premium for three consecutive half-year periods
  • If the bank is prohibited from receiving fresh deposits
  • Licence is cancelled or a licence is refused to it by the RBI
  • Wound up either voluntarily or compulsorily

Effect of Cancellation on Depositors:

Deposits received by the bank till the date of cancellation remain covered.

Every bank is required to furnish a half yearly return (Form DI) also to the Corporation

Biggest benefit:

In the event of the winding up or liquidation of an insured bank, every depositor of the bank is entitled to payment of an amount equal to his deposits subject to the ceiling amount of Rs. 5,00,000.

That is the reason why Amount with banks is very safe and secure

Other Functions:

  • The Corporation may guarantee credit facilities (loan, advance, CC, OD, Bills) given by any credit institution and may also indemnify credit institutions in respect of credit facilities granted by them.
  • Act as agent for the Central Government in guaranteeing the due performance by any small-scale industrial concern and making payments in connection with such guarantee.

Thanks for reading “DICGC – A Depositor’s Confidence

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