Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is one of the important drivers of economic growth and a source of non-debt finance for the economic development of India. FDI complements and supplements domestic investment. Domestic companies are benefited through FDI by way of enhanced access to supplementary capital and state-of-art-technologies, as also exposure to global managerial practices resulting into employment generation and accelerated growth of the sectors.
The details of foreign investment reported through routes of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow and Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) inflows (net) during the last five financial years are as under:
(Amount in USD Million)
To promote FDI, the Government has put in place an investor-friendly policy, wherein except for a small negative list, most sectors are open for 100% FDI under the Automatic route. Further, the policy on FDI is reviewed on an ongoing basis, to ensure that India remains attractive & investor friendly destination. Changes are made in the policy after having intensive consultations with stakeholders including apex industry chambers, Associations, representatives of industries/groups and other organizations taking into consideration their views/comments.
Government has also taken various steps to improve the overall business regulatory environment in the country and create a conducive business environment by streamlining the existing regulations and processes and eliminating unnecessary requirements and procedures.
Recently, Government has taken various steps in addition to ongoing schemes to boost domestic investments in India. These include the National Infrastructure Pipeline, Reduction in Corporate Tax, easing liquidity problems of NBFCs and Banks, trade policy measures to boost domestic manufacturing. Government of India has also promoted domestic manufacturing of goods through the public procurement order, Phased Manufacturing Programme (PMP), Schemes for Production Linked Incentives of various Ministries.
This information was given by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Shri SomParkash, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.