One of the proposals that has made Union budget 2023 very popular among the middle class is that individuals and Hindu undivided families (HUFs) opting for the new regime in FY 2023-24 and onwards, and having their annual gross total income (GTI) of upto ₹7 lakh, will not be required to pay any income tax, as they will be able to claim a rebate of ₹25,000 under Section 87A of the Income tax act.
However, what if one earns just ₹10 more than the annual GTI of ₹7 lakh, i.e., ₹7,00,010?
Now, the annual GTI of A exceeds the threshold rebate limit, just by ₹10 only but he will not be able to claim the rebate of ₹25,000 under Section 87A, and his entire GTI of ₹700,010 will become taxable at the applicable slab rates in the new regime. The income tax liability of A in this case will come out at ₹26,000. Thus, just ₹10 of additional income in excess of ₹7 lakh, forces A to pay ₹26,000 as income tax.
Let us work out some more income levels to test this peculiar paradoxical situation, symbolizing the law of diminishing returns (see table).
amount of income earned in excess of ₹7 lakh, in the new tax regime, starts from an income level of ₹7,00,005 and it continues upto an income level of ₹7.29 lakh.
Note that income until ₹7,00,004 will be rounded off to ₹7 lakh.
In order to avoid this funny paradox, the finance ministry should bring about a suitable amendment in the new regime so as to provide marginal relief to such individuals and HUFs having their respective/ annual GTIs ranging from ₹700,005 to ₹7.29 lakh in FY 2023-24 and onwards.